WHAT ARE SOLAR PANELS, SOLAR CHARGE CONTROLLER AND POWER INVERTERS?

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WHAT ARE SOLAR PANELS?

A solar panel is a device which is used for converting the heat energy into electricity. This device is used to convert the heat energy which we get from the sun in the form of ultraviolet rays. This is done by fixing the silicon chips over the solar device. The energy which we get after converting the heat energy is known as solar energy. Solar panels are nothing but a simple rectangular plate which is fixed on a pole. It is not mandatory to fix it on a pole, but generally, solar panels are used in this way. These silicon chips are generally known as solar cells. These cells produce more electricity when more light or ultraviolet rays fall on them. Solar cells are not much being used because silicon chips, which are used in it for producing electricity are very costly. However, many people have started using solar panels as it is more environment-friendly as compared to other electricity resources. For more information click here https://www.best-solar-panels.com/

WHAT IS SOLAR CHARGE CONTROLLER?

A solar charge controller is a device which is used for managing the power inside the battery of the solar panels. In the mechanism of the solar panels, a battery is present there which is used for storing the energy or power during the day when ultraviolet rays fall on the panels. The solar charge controller is responsible for keeping the power or energy balanced inside the battery. Here, balanced means not overcharged. If the battery of the panels gets overcharged during the day, then the battery will be drained in the night and the solar panels won’t be able to perform the task for which they are designed. That’s why a solar charge controller checks that the battery doesn’t get overcharged. There are other tasks too which a solar charge controller performs, but checking the power is its main task.

Generally, there are two types of a solar charge controller or we can say there are two technologies in which a solar charge controller works. They are as follows–>

1) PWM solar charge controller
2) MPPT solar charge controller
It has been said that the MPPT solar charge controller is more costly as compared to the PWM solar charge controller.

WHAT IS PWM SOLAR CHARGE CONTROLLER?

The PWM solar charge controller is an acronym for pulse width modulation. In PWM solar charge controller a direct connection is established between the solar panels and the battery. When the battery charge continuously at that time the voltage of the solar panels is made the same as of the battery. After the charging of the battery, the voltage of the battery is elevated, which in turn elevates the voltage of the solar panels. The voltage of both, solar panel and battery cannot be at the same level initially. If we do so, then the battery won’t be charged.

ADVANTAGES OF PWM SOLAR CHARGE CONTROLLER

Here are some advantages of the PWM charge controller–>
1) PWM solar charge controllers are less costly as compared to the MPPT solar charge controller.
2) These solar charge controllers are more durable.
3) These charge controllers are available in different sizes.
4) PWM solar charge controllers are being used in the solar systems for a long time and hence are reliable.

WHAT IS AN INVERTER?

An inverter is a device which is used for changing the frequency of direct current (DC) into the frequency of alternating current (AC). Alternating currents are more preferred than the direct currents in home appliances. But in most electronic devices, direct current is used. There was a need for conversion of alternating current to direct current and direct current to alternating current. That’s why an inverter was introduced in the market. But an inverter converts only direct current to alternating current. An inverter is also known as a power inverter. These two terms are used interchangeably. On the other hand, the device which is used for converting an alternating current into the direct current is known as a rectifier.

ADVANTAGES OF A POWER INVERTER

Here are some advantages of the power inverter–>
1) Power inverters are efficient.
2) Power inverter assures safety.
3) The physical properties of the power converter are very good. It has a very high capacity for load bearing.